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Genealogies track people and nations and tell a story. They include important details about people (both good and bad) who will show up later in the story. The genealogies of the Bible reveal a God keeps track of history (as should we—that we may marvel at God's righteousness assessment, redemption and judgment of humanity).
Esau's genealogy (Genesis 36) demonstrates the reality of God's covenant that He made with Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3) and its fulfullment. God promised Abram that He would bless those who bless Abram and curse those curse Abram. This promise includes Abram's descendants.
In Esau's genealogy we are introduced to the development of the Edomite people. The Amalekites are mentioned in the genealogy (36:12). They'll appear again when they attack Israel upon their exodus from Egypt (Exodus 17). Their judgment is promised and recorded in Ex. 17:14 and Deut. 25:17-19. That time comes when Samuel instructs Saul to destroy them and Saul only partially obeys and it costs him the kingdom (1 Samuel 15).
Centuries later during the Divided Kingdom Era, Obadiah, a minor prophet, prophesied of Edom's eventual judgment due to their invasion of Jerusalem in the 840's BC.
There are no random details or stand alone stories in the Bible. Genelogies help readers keep the storyline intact and see how God works from one generation to another to fulfill every word spoken. No judgment is random. Every judgment is righteous.
Genealogies reveal a God who is the perfect historian and the righteous Judge—adjudicating perfect and impartial judgment.