Songs communicate values, ideologies, love, humor, grief, and in Isaiah's case, woes--woes regarding Israel. Using the analogy of a vineyard, Isaiah describes the LORD's love for Israel and their response to His love.
The LORD has situated His vineyard on a fertile hillside, where He has dug it and cleared it of stones. He has hedged it about and built a watchtower in its midst. He has cut out a winepress in expectation of a great harvest. The vineyard has every advantage for success, "What more could have been done to my vineyard that I have not done in it?" (Is. 5:4).
Sadly, the vineyard never yields the expected harvest, "He looked for justice, but behold, oppression; for righteousness, but behold, a cry for help" (5:7). God then removes the hedge, breaks down the wall, withdraws the rain, and makes the vineyard a wasteland.
The Song of the Vineyard contains six woes that have preceded Israel's calamity:
These six woes are symptomatic of Israel's departure from Bible literacy; "they have rejected the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel" (5:24). Therefore, the LORD whistles and beckons pagan kings and armies to invade and destroy the vineyard that He had planted.
How are the women of Jerusalem described? What does this reveal about prosperity and its dangers?
What has Judah failed to learn about themselves and God from the captivity of Israel?
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The 365 Daily Devotion, written by Iva May, is a brief devotion drawn from the day’s reading of the One Year® Chronological Bible delivered to your email. Each daily devotion concludes with several questions that strengthen reading engagement.